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MARTHA WASHINGTON aka MARTHA DANDRIDGE 1st Lady of the United States (Wife of President GEORGE WASHINGTON)

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Martha Washington

Martha Washingtonaka MARTHA DANDRIDGE

Born: 2-Jun-1731
Birthplace: Chestnut Grove, VA
Died: 22-May-1802
Location of death: Mount Vernon, VA
Cause of death: Fever
Remains:Buried, Mount Vernon Estate, Mount Vernon, VA

Gender: Female
Religion: Anglican/Episcopalian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: First Lady

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Wife of US President George Washington

MARTHA DANDRIDGE married into great wealth when she was 17, to a man twenty years older than she. He died seven years later, leaving her a fortune and two children to raise. Shortly thereafter she met George Washington, a commander of the First Virginia Regiment in the French and Indian War, and former member of the House of Burgess, representing Frederick County. They were married seventeen years before the rebellion that made America.

When he became President, Martha Washington did not attend his inauguration. Her husband's personal secretary wrote certain rules of protocol based on European royal traditions, which among other restrictions forbade her or her husband from accepting any invitations to dine in private residences other than their own. She had few friends in the newborn nation's temporary capitals where they lived -- New York and Philadelphia -- but she held formal dinners at the President's residence once weekly on Thursdays, and opened their home to selected members of the general public on Fridays. She was disappointed that even such mundane errands as going shopping or taking her grandchildren to a park were intruded upon by reporters detailing her every move. She told a niece that "many younger and gayer women would be extremely pleased" to be the President's wife, but that she would "much rather be at home".

After her husband's death, she did not attend his funeral. In his will, he freed half his slaves, rendering the remainder as his wife's property, but shortly after his death the widow Washington freed all the family's remaining slaves. In 1802, shortly before her own death, she burned many of his personal letters.

Father: John Dandridge county clerk
(b. 14-Jul-1700, d. 31-Aug-1756)

Mother: Frances Jones Dandridge
(b. 6-Aug-1710, m. 22-Jul-1730, d. 9-Apr-1785)

Brother: John Dandridge
(b. 23-Feb-1732, d. 23-Jul-1749)

Brother: William Dandridge
(b. 2-Mar-1734, d. 22-Jan-1776)

Brother: Bartholomew Dandridge
(b. 25-Dec-1737, d. 18-Apr-1785)

Sister: Anna Maria Dandridge Bassett "Fanny"
(b. 30-Mar-1739, d. 17-Dec-1777)

Sister: Frances Dandridge
(b. 2-Nov-1744, d. 10-Feb-1758)

Sister: Elizabeth Dandridge Aylett Henley
(b. 25-May-1749, d. 1800)

Sister: Mary Dandridge
(b. 4-Apr-1756, d. 25-Sep-1763)

Sister:  Ann Dandridge Costin

(half-sister, slave, born to John Dandridge's slave)


Brother: Ralph Dandridge

(half-brother, born to John Dandridge's mistress)

Husband: Daniel Parke Custis plantation owner
(b. circa 1711, m. 1750, d. 1757)

Son: Daniel Dandridge Custis
(b. 1751, d. 1754)

Daughter: Frances Custis
(b. 1753, d. 1757)

Son: John Parke Custis "Jack"
(b. 1754, d. 5-Nov-1781 dysentery)

Daughter: Martha Parke Custis "Patsy"
(b. circa 1756, d. 19-Jun-1773 epilepsy)

Husband: George WashingtonUS President

(b. 22-Feb-1732, m. 6-Jan-1759, d. 14-Dec-1799)

    English Ancestry Paternal
    French Ancestry
    Welsh Ancestry



Martha Washington aka Martha Dandridge

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Martha Washington aka Martha Dandridge
First Lady of the United States
In office
April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797
Succeeded by Abigail Adams
Personal details
Born June 2, 1731(1731-06-02)
Chestnut Grove, New Kent County, Virginia, U.S.
Died May 22, 1802(1802-05-22) (aged 70)
Mount Vernon, Virginia, U.S.
Spouse(s) Daniel Parke Custis (1750-1757)
George Washington (1759-1799)
Relations John Dandridge and Frances Jones
Children Daniel Parke Custis, Jr., Frances Custis, John Parke "Jacky" Custis, Martha Parke "Patsy" Custis
Occupation First Lady of the United States
Religion Episcopal
Martha Washington as she appears in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.

Martha Dandridge Custis Washington (June 2, 1731 – May 22, 1802) was the wife of George Washington, the first president of the United States. Although the title was not coined until after her death, Martha Washington is considered to be the first First Lady of the United States. During her lifetime, she was known as "Lady Washington".




Martha Dandridge was born at 10:35 a.m. on June 2, 1731 on her parents' plantation Chestnut Grove in the British colonial Province of Virginia. She was the oldest daughter of Virginia planter and immigrant from England John Dandridge (1700–1756) and Frances Jones (1710–1785) of English, Welsh and English descent.[1] Martha had three brothers and four sisters, the others being John Dandridge (1733–1749), William Dandridge (1734–1776), Bartholomew Dandridge (1737–1785), Anna Marie "Fanny" Dandridge Bassett (1739–1777), Frances Dandridge (1744–1757), Elizabeth Dandridge Aylet Henley (1749–1800), and Mary Dandridge (1756–1763). She may have had an illegitimate half-sister (date of birth unknown), who was a slave: Ann Dandridge Costin was one-quarter African, one-quarter Cherokee Indian, and half-white. There is further evidence of an illegitimate half-brother Ralph Dandridge (date of birth unrecovered), who was probably white.[2]

On May 15, 1750 at age 18 she married Daniel Parke Custis, a rich planter two decades her senior. They lived at White House Plantation on the south shore of the Pamunkey River, a few miles upriver from Chestnut Grove. She had four children by Custis. A son and a daughter, Daniel (1751–1754) and Frances (1753–1757), died in childhood, but two other children, John (Jacky) Parke Custis (1754–1781) and Martha ("Patsy") Parke Custis (1756–1773) survived to young adulthood. Daniel Custis' death in 1757 left Martha a rich widow, with independent control over a dower inheritance for her lifetime and trustee control over the inheritance of her minor children.

Martha Dandridge Custis in 1757

Martha Dandridge Custis, aged 27, and George Washington, aged nearly 27, married on January 6, 1759 at the White House plantation. It seems likely that Washington had known Martha and her husband for some time. In March 1758 he visited her at White House twice; the second time he came away with either an engagement of marriage or at least her promise to think about his proposal. She was, at the time, also being courted by the wealthy planter Charles Carter.[3]

Their wedding was a grand affair. The groom appeared in a suit of blue and silver with red trimming and gold knee buckles; the bride wore purple silk shoes with spangled buckles.[3] After the Reverend Peter Mossum pronounced them man and wife, the couple honeymooned at White House for several weeks before setting up housekeeping at Washington's Mount Vernon estate. Their marriage appears to have been a solid one, untroubled by infidelity or clash of temperament.

Martha and George Washington had no children together, but they raised Martha's two surviving children. Her teenage daughter, named Patsy, died during an epileptic seizure, which led John (Jackie) to return home from college to comfort his mother. John later served as an aide to Washington during the siege of Yorktown in 1781, and died during this military service, probably of typhus. After his death, the Washingtons raised two of John's children, Eleanor Parke Custis (March 31, 1779 - July 15, 1852), and George Washington Parke Custis (April 30, 1781 - October 10, 1857). They also provided personal and financial support to nieces, nephews and other family members in both the Dandridge and Washington families.


MORE INFO Click here:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Washington


More About Martha Washington aka Martha Dandridge:

After the Washingtons returned to Mount Vernon, their granddaughter Nelly married George's nephew, Lawrence Lewis. Nelly's first child, Frances Parke Lewis, was born at Mount Vernon. Less than three weeks later, George Washington died, December 14, 1799, after suffering a severe cold. Martha moved out of their bedroom and into a third floor garret room and lived in seclusion, seen only by a few of the remaining slaves and Nelly and her family. Martha Washington burned all but two of the letters she and her husband had exchanged.

Martha Washington lived until May 22, 1802. Martha Washington is buried with her husband in a tomb at Mount Vernon.

George Washington Parke Custis' daughter, Mary Custis Lee, married Robert E. Lee. A part of the Custis estate which had passed through George Washington Parke Custis to his son-in-law was confiscated by the federal government during the Civil War, though the United States Supreme Court eventually found that the government had to reimburse the family.

When a ship was named the USS Lady Washington in 1776, it became the first US military ship to be named for a woman and was the only ship the Continental Navy named for a woman.

In 1901, Martha Washington became the first woman whose image was depicted on a US postage stamp.


READ MORE Click here:  http://womenshistory.about.com/od/1stladywashing/p/biography.htm




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Comment by Ann Dandridge Public Relations on January 29, 2014 at 10:10am

List of First Ladies of the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
First Lady of the
United States
Michelle Obama 2013 official portrait.jpg

Michelle Obama

since January 20, 2009
Style Mrs. Obama
Residence White House
Inaugural holder Martha Washington
Formation April 30, 1789
Website First Ladies

The First Lady of the United States is the hostess of the White House. The position is traditionally filled by the wife of the president of the United States, but, on occasion, the title has been applied to women who were not presidents’ wives, such as when the president was a bachelor or widower, or when the wife of the president was unable to fulfill the duties of the First Lady herself. The First Lady is not an elected position; it carries no official duties and receives no salary. Nonetheless, she attends many official ceremonies and functions of state either along with or in place of the president. Traditionally, the First Lady does not hold outside employment while occupying the office.[1] She has her own staff, including the White House Social Secretary, the Chief of Staff, the Press Secretary, the Chief Floral Designer, and the Executive Chef. The Office of the First Lady is also in charge of all social and ceremonial events of the White House, and is a branch of the Executive Office of the President. According to the White House and the National First Ladies' Library, there have been forty-five First Ladies and forty-six First Ladyships. This discrepancy exists because Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the twenty-second and the twenty-fourth president; his wife Frances Folsom Cleveland is also counted twice. Following Barack Obama's inauguration on January 20, 2009, his wife, Michelle Obama, became the forty-sixth official First Lady, succeeding Laura Bush, wife of former President George W. Bush.

There are five living former First Ladies: Rosalynn Carter, wife of Jimmy Carter; Nancy Reagan, widow of Ronald Reagan; Barbara Bush, wife of George H. W. Bush; Hillary Rodham Clinton, wife of Bill Clinton; and Laura Bush, wife of George W. Bush. The first First Lady was Martha Dandridge Custis Washington, married to George Washington. Presidents John Tyler and Woodrow Wilson had two official First Ladies; both remarried during their presidential tenures. The wives of four Presidents died before their husbands were sworn into office but are still considered First Ladies by the White House and National First Ladies' Library: Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson;[2][3] Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson, wife of Andrew Jackson;[4][5] Hannah Hoes Van Buren, wife of Martin Van Buren;[6][7] and Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, wife of Chester A. Arthur.[8][9] There is also one woman who was not married to a President but who is still considered an official First Lady: Harriet Lane, niece of bachelor James Buchanan. The other non-spousal relatives who served as White House hostesses or de facto first ladies are not recognised as "official" by the First Ladies' Library and are thus not numbered among the forty-five; the most recent example was Chelsea Clinton who formally assumed her mother's duties from January 3 to January 20, 2001, but did not adopt the style "First Lady".

In 2007, the United States Mint began releasing a set of half-ounce $10 gold coins under the First Spouse Program with engravings of portraits of the First Ladies on the obverse.[10] When a President served without a spouse, a gold coin is issued that bears an obverse image emblematic of Liberty as depicted on a circulating coin of that era and a reverse image emblematic of themes of that President's life. This is true for the coins for Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan's First Ladies, but not the coin for Chester A. Arthur's First Lady, which will instead depict suffragette Alice Paul.[11]

List of First Ladies of the United States

Click here  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_First_Ladies_of_the_United_States

National First Ladies  Click here  http://www.firstladies.org/ancestral-obama.aspx

Comment by Ann Dandridge Public Relations on January 27, 2014 at 7:44pm

MORE info about Martha Washington

Click here  http://shelf3d.com/i/Martha%20Washington

National First Ladies  Click here  http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=1

Comment by Ann Dandridge Public Relations on January 25, 2014 at 10:51pm

Stories from American History


June 16, 2012 · 6:37 pm

Martha Washington’s Black Sister ...ANN DANDRIDGE

It was a not very well-kept Washington family secret that Martha Washington had a sister who was black.

Ann Dandridge was the daughter of Martha Washington’s father, John Dandridge, and an unknown slave of mixed African and Native American blood. After John Dandridge’s death in 1756, Ann, who was a young girl at the time, went to live with George and Martha at Mount Vernon and was kept by them as a slave.

Why didn’t Martha free her little sister from slavery? If she had felt any resentment towards her half-sister, Martha could easily have sold or otherwise gotten rid of her, yet she didn’t. She kept her around, lived with her, let her children play with her, but did not set her free.

To Martha, this may have seemed like benevolence. After all, there was no place in 1759 Virginia society for a free black Dandridge female. Ann’s choices in life would have been very limited. She could perhaps have obtained a position as a servant girl to a rich family, but no white man of any substance would have married her. If she had found a black husband, he would most likely have been a slave; her dark-skinned children would have been perpetually at risk of enslavement. Martha may have felt it best to keep Ann enslaved and under her own protection.

So Ann lived at Mount Vernon with her half-sister and brother-in-law. What she did there is unknown, but she probably spent much of her time knitting or sewing in the parlor along with the mistress of the estate and the female house slaves. To visitors she would have seemed just another mixed-race servant, perhaps the mistress’s favorite.

Martha’s “protective” ownership of Ann was not foolproof. Sometime around 1780, Ann Dandridge bore a son, William. It appears that Martha’s son, an unsavory character named Jacky Custis, exerted the rights of a master over a slave; he fathered a child with Ann, who was his aunt as well as his property. Ann’s son William was both grandson and nephew to Martha Washington.

After giving birth to the child of Jacky Custis, Ann married a slave named Costin. The couple had four daughters, all of them nieces of Martha Washington, and all of them born slaves-for-life of the Custis estate. Yet William, her first child and Martha’s grandson, was legally regarded as free, by request of the mistress herself.

Once George and Martha were both dead and Ann was in her forties, she came into the possession of Martha’s granddaughter, Eliza Custis Law.

Eliza and her husband, Thomas Law, were uniquely sensitive to the plight of mixed-race people, for Thomas, before marrying Eliza, had been an official of the East India Company, and had three half-Indian sons.

Upon inheriting ownership of Ann Dandridge in 1802, the Laws freed her almost immediately. Five years later, they emancipated all Ann’s children, her grandchildren, and William Costin’s wife.

(Wiencek 84-86, 282-290)

Click here  http://studiesinamericanhistory.wordpress.com/tag/ann-dandridge/

Comment by Ann Dandridge Public Relations on August 25, 2013 at 7:58pm

Women's Rights * Civil Rights* and More are Very Relevant Today and EVERYDAY!

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Comment by Ann Dandridge Public Relations on March 3, 2012 at 10:53pm

(Martha Washington's Husband)


George WashingtonBorn: 22-Feb-1732
Birthplace: Westmoreland County, VA
Died: 14-Dec-1799
Location of death: Mount Vernon, VA
Cause of death: Infection [1]
Remains: Buried, Mt. Vernon, VA

Gender: Male
Religion: Anglican/Episcopalian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Head of State
Party Affiliation: See Note [2]

Nationality: United States
Executive summary:  1st US President, 1789-97

Military service: Continental Army (Commander)

MORE INFO Click here:  http://www.nndb.com/people/107/000024035/



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Martha Washington

Martha Washington aka Martha Dandridge READ about her Black Sister Ann Dandridge

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